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UNDP in the Russian Federation
UNDP operates the Project Support Office in the Russian Federation since beginning of 2011. UNDP Country Office has been transformed into a national project support office at the end of 2010 due to the completion of the Country Programme for 2008-2010 and the evolution of the Russian Federation to the net contributing country status.
The task of the Project Support Office is to provide technical support to a number of projects, which UNDP continues implementing in the Russian Federation in cooperation with local government and other partners. The national project support office is led by a national Head of Office and reports to the UNDP Head Quarters in New York and UNDP Regional Centre in Bratislava.
Before 2011, UNDP was represented in Russia by a Country Office, which started operating in Moscow in 1997, though UNDP has been present in Russia since 1993, when a framework Agreement was signed with the Government of the Russian Federation. UNDP has implemented programmes both at the federal level and in a number of regions of the country, providing policy advice, technical assistance, and capacity development to the government and the civil society. The office was headed by UNDP Resident Representative, whose position was terminated at the end of 2010. The Framework Agreement remains valid as confirmed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The number of UNDP staff in the Russian Federation for January 2012 totals 20 people.
UNDP priorities in Russia are defined in the Action Plan for 2012, which is to a great extent based on previous country programmes (pls. see. Country Programmes section). The last Country Programme for the Russian Federation covered the period of 2008-2010, All country programmes have been based on extensive consultations with the Government, United Nations organizations, civil society groups and other partners.
The same as earlier programmes, the Action Plan is based on five Focus Areas, which UNDP addresses globally, including Energy and Environment, Poverty Reduction, Crisis Prevention and Recovery, HIV/AIDS, and Democratic Governance
The Action Plan was developed in collaboration with the Russian government and aimed at successful implementation of projects, which would bring about concrete positive changes for people and the improvement of living standards in the Russian Federation. The uniqueness of its approach is in putting people and their needs at the core of policy. UNDP does so by using mainly national capacity and by strictly monitoring and evaluating the impact of its work.
Currently, UNDP programme priorities include the following:
Total funds disbursed in implementing UNDP projects from 1997 through 2011 amount to over US $171 million.
As result of this strong partnership approach UNDP Russia can rely on several categories of donors: government, corporate, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and other trust-funds, as well UN agencies (pls.see UNDP Programme Priorities in Russia). The national project support office office depends entirely on funds generated within the country, on traditional donors and the Russian federal and regional governments. Beginning from 2011, it does not have access to the organisation’s global funds composed of contributions of UN member-countries because of Russia’s donor status.Bilateral donors consist of developed countries that provide assistance to developing countries or countries in transition, multilateral donors are those comprising several governments, such as EU. Corporate donors consist of private and state-owned commercial companies. Trust funds offer a mechanism to receive contributions to receive contributions from governmental or non-governmental donors.
Donor Contributions 2006-2011 by Category in US$ Thousands Dollars
Through its projects in Russia, UNDP is focused on supporting Russia in achieving the so called Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – a set of concrete goals and targets in priority areas of poverty reduction, health, education, environment, human rights and partnership, adopted by the world leaders at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000. In Russia, as in some other middle-income countries, internationally accepted MDGs have been customized to better fit the country-specific context. At the same time, UNDP projects support Russia’s international role in MDGs implementation.